Tag Archives: security

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Hack Claims from Guccifer 2.0 Denounced by Clinton Foundation

“Widely believed to be political in motivation”

Guccifer 2.0, the hacker who claims responsibility for the Democratic National Committee leaks that aimed to expose corruption within its ranks, claims to have breached the servers of the Clinton Foundation and attained documents that could be damaging to Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign, despite denial from the Clinton Foundation itself. The hacker posted screenshots of spreadsheets online, claiming that they were documents from the institution and that: ‘… her staff don’t even bother about the information security.”

The political motivations of the cyber-attack remain obvious, as the hacker made clear favorable reference to Julian Assange, founder of WikiLeaks and outspoken opponent of Hillary Clinton.

Report Claims that Email Provider Yahoo Assisted in Spying on U.S. Citizens

“Raises questions of why Yahoo did not fight the order”

A program developed by Yahoo Inc. last year reportedly allows the U.S. Federal government to search through email databases for certain phrases. Anonymous former employees narrowed government agencies involved to either or both the National Security Agency or the Federal Bureau of Intelligence.

The news is surprising, given the typical resistance to government mandates to enter customer accounts that tech firms generally uphold. However, Yahoo not only complied with the order, but dedicated its own resources and staff to assist with the operation.

TalkTalk fined £400K for mistakes that led to 2015 hack

“Actions first taken to clear its reputation of highly hacked service”

After the personal data theft of over 155,000 customers Telecom firm TalkTalk has been fined £400,000 for its security vulnerabilities in 2015. Well over 15,000 of those affected had bank information stolen and suffered serious ramifications for what Information Commissioner Elizabeth Dunham reported that even the most basic of security measures failed to be acted upon and “…(the company) could have done more to safeguard its customer information.”

Malware Infested-Ads Plaguing Spotify

“Free version of service seems to open malicious sites”

Malware seems to have worked its way into the Spotify servers and is continuously serving itself to the users who use the Spotify free product to stream music. The ads have been reported to open infected sites, causing potential harm to those that travel to them.

 

 

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J&J Warns Hackers Can Infiltrate Insulin Pump

“Caution advised to patients as cyber vulnerabilities seem possible”

The insulin pumps in question retain a malfunction that could allow hackers to breach its defenses, causing an overdose of insulin. This news breaks while medical security remains of high concern following a series of stories that particular pacemakers and defibrillators exhibited bugs that may signal security vulnerabilities of their own.

Johnson &Johnson describes the potential risk as low as there have been no reported hacking attempts thus far, but is advising patients that there may be certain security flaws they could be subjected to and sharing advice on potential fixes for the issue.

Default Password Danger Shown with Massive Botnet Attack

“IoT devices used to target victims”

Weak default usernames and passwords assigned to internet connected devices seemed to be the target of the Mirai botnet that was responsible for the massive DDoS attack. In contrast to other botnets, this program employs IoT gadgets to select and attack its targets.

This same platform was used to bring down Security reporter Brian Krebs website with another massive DDoS cyber-attack, searching through devices with a list of easily guessable passwords such as ‘12345’ and ‘admin.’

“Zero-day” EMC Console Management Flaws

“Would allow attacker to end malicious programs”

Dell’s vApp manager for Unisphere for VMAX was revealed to have five zero day vulnerabilities, announced by digital security consultants Digital Defense. The web application is used to manage all of EMC’s storage platform, and vulnerabilities breached would allow hackers to send Adobe Flash Action Message Format messages from the server running the program.

Attackers may be able to completely shut down or gain total control of the storage platforms, providing grave cause for concern. EMC has patches available through security advisories on these potential breaches available to Dell EMC customers.

 

 

10fold- Security Never Sleeps- 101

Nearly Half of State Voter Registrations Attacked by Russian Hackers

“Four were cracked, leaving speculation on security of upcoming election”

As we covered in our last installment, cyber security threats from the Russians have been on the rise in this year’s voting season. We can see now that these fears may have some legitimacy, as Russian hackers were successfully able to enter several voter registration systems in the U.S.

James Comey, Director of the FBI released in his statement that “There’s no doubt that some bad actors have been poking around.” Among those attempted to be breached were what many political analysts consider to be this year’s electoral ‘swing states’, including Arizona and Illinois.

GAO Claims Issue at FDA Cybersecurity Systems

“Confidential health data potentially at risk”

Security firewalls and 80 other weaknesses were found in the Food and Drug Administration’s computer programs. This lack of proper security would allow hackers to breach confidential health information. The information was made public after the GAO, the Government Accountability Office, made 15 instructional changes to beef up security measures after an extensive audit undertaken to strengthen government agencies from potential cyber attacks.

Ransomware Spread Increases

“Weak desktop credentials biggest point of most common point of contact”

Stolen credentials for widespread remote administration application TeamViewer has been largely used to insert ransomware software ‘Surprise’, according to a research team in March. The number of attacks have increased significantly of late, adopted by more highly effective cybercriminals noting its success from their lesser-known counterparts.

The cyberattacks began long before the TeamViewer insertion via RPD servers, but started as crude password generator attacks. This recent development allows criminals to be far more effective in their theft and hacking techniques.

Tofsee Malware Now Distributed Via Spam

“Experts believe the new method is more profitable for hackers”

While malware program Tofsee has been around since 2013, its current spam distribution method is fairly new. The RIG exploit kit that recently oversaw the spread of the malware has stopped circulating, leaving spammers to employ their bots to pick up the slack. Cybercriminals often use Tofsee to engage in , including click fraud, cryptocurrency mining, DDoS attacks and sending spam.

 

10Fold – Security Never Sleeps – 98

Your daily digest of “All Things Security” gathered, collected and researched by your very own 10Fold Security Practice team.

Big items to consider: Researchers have encountered a denial-of-service botnet that’s made up of more than 25,000 Internet-connected closed circuit TV devices. Scammers are spreading JavaScript malware disguised as a Facebook comment tag notification. The Threat Group 4127 that hit the Democratic National Committee also went after 1,800 other targets with info interesting to Russian government, says SecureWorks. The whitehats from Kaspersky Lab provided a free tool that allowed victims to decrypt their precious data without paying the ransom, which typically reaches $500 or more.

Large botnet of CCTV devices knock the snot out of jewelry website – Publication: Ars Techinca – Reporter name: Dan Goodin

The unnamed site was choking on an assault that delivered almost 35,000 HTTP requests per second, making it unreachable to legitimate users. When Sucuri used a network addressing and routing system known as Anycast to neutralize the attack, the assailants increased the number of HTTP requests to 50,000 per second. The DDoS attack continued for days, causing the Sucuri researchers to become curious about the origins of the attack. They soon discovered the individual devices carrying out the attack were CCTV boxes that were connected to more than 25,500 different IP addresses. The IP addresses were located in no fewer than 105 countries around the world.


Facebook comment tag malware scam targets Chrome users – Publication: SC Magazine – Reporter name: Robert Able

A user will receive a notification in their app and/or in their email about a friend tagging them in a comment and, upon clicking the link, malware is downloaded to their device, according to Hackread. Currently the malware is only targeting Chrome and one analyst on the network question and answer site Stack Exchange said the file is a typical obfuscated JavaScript malware, which targets the Windows Script Host to download the rest of the payload.


Google Accounts Of US Military, Journalists Targeted By Russian Attack Group – Publication: Dark Reading- Reporter name: Sara Peters

A Russian attack group used the Bitly URL-shortener to disguise malicious links in order to carry out spearphishing campaigns not only against the Democratic National Committee, but also against some 1,800 Google accounts of US military and government personnel and others.


New and improved CryptXXX ransomware rakes in $45,000 in 3 weeks – Publication: Ars Technica- Reporter name: Dan Goodin

Earlier this month, the developers released a new CryptXXX variant that to date still has no decryptor available. Between June 4 and June 21, according to a blog post published Monday by security firm SentinelOne, the Bitcoin address associated with the new version had received 70 bitcoins, which at current prices is valued at around $45,228. The figure doesn’t include revenue generated from previous campaigns.

10Fold – Security Never Sleeps – 97

Your daily digest of “All Things Security” gathered, collected and researched by your very own 10Fold Security Practice team.

Big items to consider: A remote desktop access service called GoToMyPC was hacked this weekend and is urging all users to immediately change their passwords; The number of network infections generated by some of the most prolific forms of malware — such as Locky, Dridex, and Angler — has suddenly declined; on Friday night a hacker made off with $50 million of virtual currency after hacking the DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization); and a new variety of ransomware called RAA has been discovered.

GoToMyPC hit with hack attack; users need to reset passwords – Publication: PCWorld – Reporter name: Nick Mediati

According to a post published to GoToMyPC’s system status page, the remote desktop access service experienced a hack attack this weekend, and it’s now requiring all users to reset their passwords before logging in to the service.


Malware infections by Locky, Dridex, and Angler drop — but why?  – Publication: ZDNet – Reporter name: Danny Palmer

The number of network infections generated by some of the most prolific forms of malware — such as Locky, Dridex, and Angler — has suddenly declined. Instances of malware and ransomware infection have risen massively this year, but cybersecurity researchers at Symantec have noticed a huge decline in activity during June, with new infections of some forms of malicious software almost at the point where they’ve completely ceased to exist.


A $50 Million Hack Just Showed That the DAO Was All Too Human – Publication: WIRED- Reporter name: Klint Finley

Sometime in the wee hours Friday, a thief made off with $50 million of virtual currency. The victims are investors in a strange fund called the DAO, or Decentralized Autonomous Organization, who poured more than $150 million of a bitcoin-style currency called Ether into the project.


New RAA ransomware written in JavaScript discovered – Publication: SC Magazine UK – Reporter name: Doug Olenick

A new variety of ransomware called RAA has been discovered that has the somewhat unusual attribution of being coded in JavaScript instead of one of the more standard programming languages making it more effective in certain situations.

10Fold – Security Never Sleeps – 96

Your daily digest of “All Things Security” gathered, collected and researched by your very own 10Fold Security Practice team.

Big items to consider: Russian police have arrested 50 members of an alleged cyber-crime ring that stole more than 3 billion rubles ($45 million) from banks, the country’s biggest ever crackdown on financial hackers. Newly discovered malware ‘IronGate’ is targeting industrial control systems has the researchers who discovered it intrigued and hungry for help from the ICS community to further unravel it. Today, Yahoo became the first company to go public about NSLs it has received without needing to duke it out with the feds in court. Cisco spent $1.4 billion to acquire Jasper in February in its largest acquisition since Robbins took over as CEO. The former Sequoia-backed startup runs the largest commercial network for managing IoT devices.

Russia Detains 50 Suspected Hackers for Malware Bank Attacks – Publication: Bloomberg – Reporter name: Gavin Finch

The gang used malware to create networks of infected computers to launch 18 targeted attacks against Russian banks and state entities over the past year, the Interior Ministry said in a statement on its website.  Police were able to prevent another 2.3 billion rubles of losses, it said. The individual banks weren’t identified.


Shades Of Stuxnet Spotted In Newly Found ICS/SCADA Malware – Publication: Dark Reading – Reporter name: Kelly Jackson Higgins

FireEye researchers today detailed their findings on the so-called Irongate ICS/SCADA malware, which targets a Siemens PLC simulation (SIM) environment—not an operational one—via a man-in-the middle attack on a specific piece of custom PLC SIM code. SIM environments are where engineers test out their PLC code, which means Irongate as-is represents no actual threat to ICS operations, according to FireEye, and there’s been no sign of any attacks or attempts thus far.


Yahoo Publishes National Security Letters After FBI Drops Gag Orders – Publication: WIRED- Reporter name: Kim Zetter

Yahoo received letters in 2013 and 2015 and published redacted versions of them today. Two of the NSLs were sent to Yahoo from a special agent in the bureau’s Dallas office; the third NSL came from an agent in the bureau’s Charlotte, North Carolina office. It’s not clear whether the NSLs involve closed cases or ongoing ones for which disclosure is no longer a problem.  The letters offer no insight into the investigations behind them, and offer little else except a description of the kinds of records the FBI sought. In each case, the FBI wanted the name, address, length of service, activity logs and activity/transaction records for a specific user account.


Cisco is tracking 28 million devices on its IoT network and most of them are cars – Publication: Re/Code – Reporter name: Arik Hesseldahl

And it’s not just cars on Jasper. “It’s robots, it’s EKG machines” and other health care gear, and also robots used in manufacturing. And while the IoT is often criticized for being more hype than useful, Robbins said that Cisco has zeroed in on one significant use: Fixing things before they break. Last year Cisco teamed up with FANUC, a Japanese company building industrial robots, to keep track of how often robots in factories need maintenance. Preventive maintenance on the robots saves money by eliminating costly and unexpected downtime. “It’s turned out to be the killer app” for IoT, he said. “The savings from preventive maintenance is enough to justify the investment.”

10Fold – Security Never Sleeps – 95

Your daily digest of “All Things Security” gathered, collected and researched by your very own 10Fold Security Practice team.

Big items to consider: Security researchers at Sophos say that the Myspace hack could be the largest data breach of all time, easily topping the whopping 117 million LinkedIn emails and passwords that recently surfaced online from a 2012 hack. Cyber sleuths at security firm Trustwave have uncovered chatter on a Russian underground malware forum discussing a zero-day vulnerability in “every version” of Windows that is being openly sold for $90,000. A congressional committee has launched an investigation into the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s handling of the heist of more than $80 million from accounts it maintains for the central bank of Bangladesh. Amazon and Goldman Sachs have become the latest investors to back Ionic Security, as the cyber security start-up looks to expand its reach beyond large companies.

Recently confirmed Myspace hack could be the largest yet – Publication: TechCrunch – Reporter name: Sarah Perez

“We take the security and privacy of customer data and information extremely seriously—especially in an age when malicious hackers are increasingly sophisticated and breaches across all industries have become all too common,” said Myspace’s CFO Jeff Bairstow, in a statement. “Our information security and privacy teams are doing everything we can to support the Myspace team.” However, while the hack itself and the resulting data set may be old, there could still be repercussions. Because so many online users simply reuse their same passwords on multiple sites, a hacker who is able to associate a given username or email with a password could crack users’ current accounts on other sites.


Windows zero-day flaw that impacts ‘every version’ being sold on Russian forum for $90,000 – Publication: International Business Times – Reporter name: Jason Murdock

According to analysis released by researchers with SpiderLabs, a team of penetration testers and ethical hackers at Trustwave, the security flaw being sold allows attackers to upgrade any Windows user level account to an administrator account, giving them access to install malicious software, gain access to other machines and change user settings. In hacking circles, zero-day vulnerabilities are much sought-after pieces of code previously unknown to anyone that can be exploited to infiltrate or attack a computer system without warning. Previously, a number of these bugs were uncovered in Adobe Flash software after the now-infamous breach at Hacking Team.


Congress launches probe of NY Fed over handling of $80M cyberheist – Publication: CNBC- Reporter name: Eamon Javers

In a letter to New York Fed President William Dudley on Tuesday, House Science Committee Chairman Lamar Smith, R-Texas, asked for “all documents and communications” related to the cyberheist from the Bank of Bangladesh account. The committee also wants to know what oversight the Fed has conducted of the SWIFT system, an international electronic messaging system used by banks worldwide to authorize billions of dollars a day in money transfers.


Goldman and Amazon back cyber security start-up Ionic Security – Publication: Financial Times – Reporter name: Hannah Kuchler

Amazon is becoming an equity holder via a partnership that will also allow customers of Amazon Web Services, its fast-growing cloud data center business, to use Ionic’s technology to secure data in the cloud and on their own on-premise servers. Adam Ghetti, chief executive of Ionic Security, said the company had already seen “tremendous interest” in its partnership with AWS in Europe. Companies on the continent have become increasingly nervous about which country has sovereignty over their data since leaks by Edward Snowden, a former contractor to the US National Security Agency, exposed a mass surveillance program in 2013.

10Fold – Security Never Sleeps – 94

Your daily digest of “All Things Security” gathered, collected and researched by your very own 10Fold Security Practice team.

Big items to consider: On Wednesday afternoon, LinkedIn users received an email titled “Important information about your LinkedIn account,” describing the massive 2012 hack and what the company is doing about it. A recently patched Adobe Flash Player vulnerability is being abused in a new malvertising campaign that redirects users to the Angler exploit kit (EK), Malwarebytes researchers warn. The TeslaCrypt creators called it quits recently, but unfortunately for users, there’s a new ransomware program that’s ready to take its place. Google intends to kill off passwords, as well as allow Android apps to run instantly without installing the apps first.

Finally! LinkedIn Comes Clean About Mass Data Breach – Publication: Fortune – Reporter name: Jeff John Roberts

In its email, LinkedIn claimed that it “became aware” last week that the data stolen in 2012 was being made available online. This seems a bit of stretch—the whole point of stealing data is typically to sell it online—but we’ll take them at their word. And, unlike so many other LinkedIn emails, this one is definitely useful. Oddly, the email did not include any acknowledgement or apology for the dreadful security practices used by LinkedIn in the first place. These included poor cryptography, such as failing to “salt” the data, which made it easier for hackers to unscramble users’ passwords.


Angler EK Malvertising Campaign Abuses Recent Flash Zero-Day – Publication: SecurityWeek – Reporter name: STAFF

The campaign relies on domain shadowing and professional-looking fake ads that are sent to ad networks and displayed on legitimate websites. Furthermore, the attack is highly targeted, serving the malicious code conditionally and redirecting users to the Angler EK only after performing a series of checks otherwise known as fingerprinting. While the technique is not new, there are some interesting aspects about this malvertising campaign, including the fact that Angler is abusing the CVE-2016-4117 zero-day flaw in Adobe Flash Player that was patched on May 12. Attackers abused the vulnerability via specially crafted Office documents and an exploit for this vulnerability was added to the Magnitude and Neutrino EKs as well last week.


New DMA Locker ransomware is ramping up for widespread attacks – Publication: CSO- Reporter name: Lucian Constantin

Previous DMA Locker versions did not use a command-and-control server so the RSA private key was either stored locally on the computer and could be recovered by reverse-engineering, or the same public-private key pair was used for an entire campaign. This meant that if someone paid for the private RSA key, that same key would work on multiple computers and could be shared with other victims.


Google’s Trust API: Bye-bye passwords, hello biometrics? – Publication: NetworkWorld – Reporter name: Ms. Smith

Trust API will run in the background, always keeping track of your biometrics, so it will know you are really “you” when you unlock your device. It will utilize some of the common biometric indicators you might expect, such as your face print, as well as others such as how your swipe the screen, the speed of your typing, voice patterns, your current location and even how you walk. Combined, it gives a cumulative “trust score.”

10Fold – Security Never Sleeps – 93

Your daily digest of “All Things Security” gathered, collected and researched by your very own 10Fold Security Practice team.

Big items to consider: Hackers appear to have made off with the equivalent of $2 million in digital currencies from Gatecoin, according to a notice posted on the exchange’s website. The cyberattack that knocked hundreds of school networks offline in Japan last week had at least one novel feature: It was allegedly instigated by a student. DMA Locker fixes known flaws and adopts new exploit kit-based distribution model.

Hackers Steal $2 Million From Bitcoin Exchange In Hong Kong, Bounty Offered To Recover Funds – Publication: Forbes – Reporter name: Robert Olson

Gatecoin is an exchange and trading platform for a range of digital currencies. It was cofounded in July 2013 by Menant, a former investment banker with Societe Generale, J.P. Morgan and BNP Paribas . Menant is also a founding member of the Bitcoin Association of Hong Kong, which seeks to foster and promote Bitcoin and its technology. “Criminals understand cryptocurrency better than almost anyone, which probably helps explain some of their success in this area,” Bryce Boland, Chief Technology for Asia Pacific at FireEye, said in an e-mail. “Unfortunately we’re going to see many more of these incidents before things get better.”


Who’s hacking schools now? The students – Publication: CNBC – Reporter name: Harriet Taylor

In the U.S., Rutgers, Arizona State University and the University of Georgia have had denial-of-service attacks in the past year. These attacks are often so effective that they completely overwhelm networks and prevent students, teachers and administrators from being able to log on. This wreaks havoc on large administrations and results in delays, for example, in class registration and final exams.


New DMA Locker ransomware is ramping up for widespread attacks – Publication: CSO – Reporter name: Lucian Constantin

Previous DMA Locker versions did not use a command-and-control server so the RSA private key was either stored locally on the computer and could be recovered by reverse-engineering, or the same public-private key pair was used for an entire campaign. This meant that if someone paid for the private RSA key, that same key would work on multiple computers and could be shared with other victims.


4 Ways to Protect Against the Very Real Threat of Ransomware – Publication: Wired – Reporter name: Kim Zetter

Any company or organization that depends on daily access to critical data—and can’t afford to lose access to it during the time it would take to respond to an attack—should be most worried about ransomware. That means banks, hospitals, Congress, police departments, and airlines and airports should all be on guard. But any large corporation or government agency is also at risk, including critical infrastructure, to a degree. Ransomware, for example, could affect the Windows systems that power and water plants use to monitor and configure operations, says Robert M. Lee, CEO at critical infrastructure security firm Dragos Security. The slightly relieving news is that ransomware, or at least the variants we know about to date, wouldn’t be able to infect the industrial control systems that actually run critical operations.

10Fold – Security Never Sleeps – 92

Your daily digest of “All Things Security” gathered, collected and researched by your very own 10Fold Security Practice team.

Big items to consider: Kansas Heart Hospital was hit with a ransomware attack. It paid the ransom, but then attackers tried to extort a second payment. A Critical Elevation of Privilege (EoP) vulnerability in the Qualcomm Secure Execution Environment (QSEE) affects around 60 percent of all Android devices around the world, despite being already fixed, researchers warn. Financial transaction network SWIFT called on its customers Friday to help it end a string of high-profile banking frauds perpetrated using its network. A manhunt is underway for criminals who looted millions from Japan’s cash machines nationwide in an hours-long heist, officials and reports said Monday.

Kansas Heart Hospital hit with ransomware; attackers demand two ransoms – Publication: NetworkWorld – Reporter name: Ms. Smith

Kansas Heart Hospital in Witchita was hit with ransomware last week. The ransomware attack occurred on Wednesday, and the KWCH 12 news video from Friday night said some files were still inaccessible by the hospital. Hospital President Dr. Greg Duick refused to disclose the ransom amount and the ransomware variant. He said, “I’m not at liberty because it’s an ongoing investigation, to say the actual exact amount. A small amount was made.”Yes, the hospital paid the ransom. No, the hackers didn’t decrypt the files—at least it was described as not returning “full access to the files.” Instead, the attackers asked for another ransom. This time the hospital refused to pay because it was no longer “a wise maneuver or strategy.”


Critical Vulnerability Plagues 60% of Android Devices – Publication: SecurityWeek – Reporter name: STAFF

The issue, discovered last year by Gal Beniamini, affects 75 percent of all Android devices powered by a Qualcomm processor, security firm Duo Security claims. According to Duo, around 80 percent of all Android devices have a Qualcomm processor inside, but just 25 percent of users have applied the patch, meaning that 60 percent of devices continue to be vulnerable.


SWIFT asks its customers to help it end a string of high-profile banking frauds – Publication: PCWorld – Reporter name: Peter Sayer

The SWIFT network itself is still secure, it insisted in a letter to banks and financial institutions. However, some of its customers have suffered security breaches in their own infrastructure, allowing attackers to fraudulently authorize transactions and send them over the SWIFT network, it said. SWIFT wants its customers to come forward with information about other fraudulent transfers made using their SWIFT credentials, to help it build a picture of how the attackers are working.


Manhunt After Millions Stolen in Hours-long Japan ATM Heist – Publication: Security Week – Reporter name: STAFF

Armed with fake credit card details from South Africa’s Standard Bank, the thieves hit 1,400 convenience store ATMs in a coordinated attack earlier this month. The international gang members, reportedly numbering around 100 people, each made a series of withdrawals in less than three hours, Japanese media said. Their haul totaled 1.4 billion yen ($13 million), according to the reports, with machines in Tokyo and Osaka among those targeted. It was not clear how the gang made off with the equivalent of millions of dollars so quickly as the cash machines usually limit withdrawals to 100,000 yen ($910) a day.